Year of Healing 2022 Toolkit
- General History
- A Few Red Drops: The Chicago Race Riot of 1919 by Claire Hartfield
- An Indigenous Peoples’ History of the United States by Roxanne Dunbar Ortiz
- 1619 Series by Nikole Hannah-Jones (New York Times)
- Caste: The Origins of Our Discontents by Isabel Wilkerson
- Stamped from the Beginning: The Definitive History of Racist Ideas in America by Ibram X. Kendi
- An African American and Latinx History of the United States by Paul Ortiz
- When Affirmative Action Was White: An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth Century America by Ira Katznelson
- The Warmth of Other Suns by Isabel Wilkerson
- White Fragility: Why It’s So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism by Robin DiAngelo
- Me and White Supremacy by Layla Saad
- The History of White People by Nell Irvin Painter
- White Rage: The Unspoken truth of Our Racial Divide by Carol Anderson
- Dying of Whiteness: How the Politics of Racial Resentment Is Killing American’s Heartland by Jonathan M. Metzl
- Mass Incarceration & the Criminal Legal System
- The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander
- Just Mercy: A Story of justice and Redemption by Bryan Stevenson
- The Condemnation of Blackness: Race, Crime, and the Making of Modern Urban America – Khalil Gibran Muhammad
- 13th directed by Ava DuVernay
- Housing & Property
- The Color of Law by Richard Rothstein
- The Cost of Segregation - Marisa Novara, Alden Loury and Amy Khare
- The Plunder of Black Wealth in Chicago: New Findings on the Lasting Toll of Predatory Housing Contracts Samuel DuBois Cook Center on Social Equity
- Race for Profit: How Banks and the Real Estate Industry Undermined Black Homeownership by Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor
- Know Your Price by Andre Perry
- Racial & Ethnic Wealth Gap
- State and Local Approaches to the Chicago Region’s Racial and Ethnic Wealth Inequity, Urban Institute
- The Racial Wealth Divide in Chicago, Prosperity Now
- The Economic Impact of Closing the Racial Wealth Gap, McKinsey & Company
- The Color of Money: Black Banks and the Racial Wealth Gap by Mehrsa Baradaran
- The Color of Wealth: The Story Behind the U.S. Racial Wealth Divide Book by Barbara Robles, Betsy Leondar-Wright, and Rose Brewer
- What We Get Wrong About Closing The Racial Wealth Gap by William Darity Jr., Darrick Hamilton
- "Myths about physical racial differences were used to justify slavery - and are still believed by doctors today" – Linda Villarosa (New York Times)
- Killing the Black Body: Race, Reproduction, and the Meaning of Liberty by Dorothy Roberts
- Why America’s Black Mothers and Babies Are in a Life-or-Death Crisis.” – Linda Villarosa (New York Times)
- The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks by Rebecca Skloot
- Ghosts in the Schoolyard: Racism and School Closings on Chicago’s South Side by Eve Ewing
- Pushout: The Criminalization of Black Girls in Schools by Monique W. Morris
- Immigration and Colonialism
- Harvest of Empire: A History of Latinos in America by Juan González
- Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza by Gloria Anzaldúa
- Tell Me How It Ends by Valeria Luiselli
- On Protests
- Bryan Stevenson on the Frustration Behind the George Floyd Protests by Isaac Chotiner (The New Yorker)
- For Beginners
- For Educators
- Books for Youth (Older, Middle, and Younger)
- Teach to Change Illinois Now
- Great Stories Club Resources -- American Library Association, Focus on Teens, Includes Reading Lists and Programming Materials on Different Topics
- Recap of a Training Experience
- Getting Started Web-Hub
- Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria? Beverly Daniel Tatum
- Discussion Guide - Beverly Daniel Tatum
- The Guide for White Women Who Teach Black Boys by Ali Michael, Eddie Moore, and Marguerite W. Penick-Park
- For Parents and Caregivers
- Raising White Kids: Bringing Up Children in a Racially Unjust America - Jennifer Harvey
- “How to Talk to Kids about Race”
- Tips for talking about race with small children - Sarah Hershey
- "How White Parents Can Talk to Their Kids About Race" (NPR)
- For Young Children
- Antiracist Baby by Ibram X. Kendi
- Woke Baby by Mahogany L. Brown
- I AM ... Positive Affirmations for Brown Boys by Ayesha Rodriguez
- Hair Love by by Matthew A. Cherry
- Sulwe by Lupita Nyong’o
- For Employers / For the Workplace
- Community service
- Self-Guided Training
- Day of Healing Action Kits
- Race Matters Toolkit
- Racial Equity Resource Guide
- YWCA Metropolitan Chicago Systemic Racism Learning Library: A curated, clickable list of influencers, organizations, articles, books, movies and more to consume to educate oneself about racism and its effects
- Short Videos:
- Our top recommendation: Black Lives Matter Matter: A Year After Ferguson, featuring john a. powell
- Additional Videos from john a. powell
- Strong Opinions Loosely Held interview with Robin DiAngelo (summary of White Fragility book above)
- How to Deconstruct Racism One Headline at a Time, Baratunde Thurston, TED Talk
- Let's Get to the Root of Racial Injustice Megan Ming Francis, TED Talk
- Race Forward’s series of videos looking at how racism intersects with areas such as wealth, employment, housing, infant mortality, and many more
- Our top recommendation: Code Switch, Gene Demby and Shereen Marisol Meraji, NPR
- Radical Imagination Angela Glover, PolicyLink
- 'Whistling Vivaldi' and Beating Stereotypes, Neal Conan, NPR Interview
- Intersectionality Matters! Kimberle Crenshaw
- 1619 Podcast, Nicole Hannah-Jones, New York Times
YWCA Anti-Racism Discussion Guide: Engage in conversation with colleagues, friends, and loved ones to support learning, understanding, healing, and collaboration.
Borrowed From Anti-Defamation League
- Decide on some ground rules.
Whether it’s a one-on-one conversation, group discussion or an ongoing dialogue of a working group, it’s helpful to get some ground rules on the table before the discussion begins. This can be done a few days before with a pre-meeting chat or the group can decide at the beginning of the meeting to determine their ground rules. Some helpful ones to include are: active listening, stick to the issues and don’t attack other people, one person shouldn’t monopolize the discussion, confidentiality. You can determine the ground rules by asking, What do we need to feel safe and respected? What does respectful discussion look, sound and feel like? Record and post the ground rules for all to see. If a ground rules is broken during the course of the conversation, address it directly and reaffirm the rule and its importance.
- Listen actively.
Active listening is listening in order to understand. This means that while someone is speaking, you are not silently constructing your response or rebuttal. You are not interrupting. And you are putting your judgments on the back burner and not jumping to conclusions about the person or what they’re saying. You are hearing their words, trying to comprehend the intent and meaning behind them and, if you don’t understand, clarifying by asking “What did you mean?” or “Did I get this right?” For even deeper active listening, ask follow-up questions. In addition, as you listen to what someone says—particularly those with whom you disagree—try to find the parts of their position that you do actually agree with. Mention those at the beginning of your response. It helps to establish some common ground and let the person know they were heard.
- Communicate to be understood.
The flip side of active listening is speaking clearly in order to be understood. Sometimes people speak to vent, sound more knowledgeable or “grandstand” because it feels good in the moment. However, communicating to be understood means being as honest and open as possible, speaking from your own point of view and not saying everything you think all at once. It also includes an being open to hearing the different perspectives that exist and a commitment to better understand the perspective of those with whom you are speaking. Getting into their mindset also helps to build empathy and understanding and could lay the groundwork for finding common ground.
- Reject all name calling, belittling, stereotyping and bias.
Name calling and bias has no place is civil discourse. And yet, we fall prey to these in subtle and overt ways quite easily. This should be incorporated into the ground rules (see #1), and we need to hold ourselves and others accountable for watching our language for bias and belittling. When we feel others have used stereotypical or biased language, it is important to challenge it head on. We should be mindful that some people may inadvertently hurt others with certain words, expressions or connotations. At the same time, not everyone is aware of the constantly evolving language of diversity and may make mistakes. We need to educate others about these mistakes and also be able to move on. Those who are using biased language need to challenge themselves to learn from this.
- Pay attention to your feelings and your triggers.
Sometimes we get emotionally triggered by a particular person, style of communication or a particular topic for which we feel strongly. We can’t always think logically when we are in that state of mind, so it’s helpful if to identify your triggers ahead of time. If you can do this, you will be more likely to separate your strong feelings and triggers from what that person who pushes your button is saying. If you need to, excuse yourself momentarily to take a breath, walk or chat briefly and privately with someone else. It is perfectly natural to have feelings and triggers—we all do—but be aware of them and separate those strong feelings from the discussion at hand.
- Consider the relationship.
When you are in the midst of a disagreement that is getting animated, it’s helpful to be mindful of the relationship you have with the people in the room. Assuming this is a person you care about or a group of people with whom you want to continue to live, work or collaborate, it’s important to ask yourself whether taking it to a negative level is worth it. This doesn’t mean you have to cave to their point of view, but it does mean being mindful and careful with what you say and keep the relationship in the forefront. Having a little compassion and empathy goes a long way towards others being open to what you’re saying. As you engage in conversations with people with whom you differ, it’s always a good idea to remember that they come to those positions with their own unique history, background, perspective and experiences and that is ultimately what is driving them.
- Be mindful of the power issues.
Whether it’s in the workplace, a community meeting or around the dinner table, there are often power dynamics that take place during conversations. These can be based on social identity groups, where dominant groups may have power over marginalized groups. They can reflect the power dynamics at work, whether it’s a direct supervisory relationship or those with more status in the organization compared to those with less. Power issues can also play out in family relationships where the elders in the family have power and status that younger people don’t have. Regardless of where the power dynamics originate, it is important to keep this in mind when engaging in difficult conversations. It will help you better understand the power of each person’s words and may inform how much to say and not say. Sometimes it can be helpful to name the power issues, but that might not always be the safest or wisest decision, and therefore should considered on a case-by-case basis.
- Agree to disagree.
In the end, sometimes we just absolutely do not agree and we need to say that. “Agree to disagree” is a cliché people throw around a lot but what does agreeing to disagree actually mean? It means this: I have worked hard to find common ground; I have listened and communicated well and we still do not agree. I can live with that and respect you. Agreeing to disagree is a civil, respectful and honest way to acknowledge your disagreements and invites the potential for picking up the discussion at a later date.