About Flu

Flu can be very serious and being young and healthy doesn’t make you invincible. Getting a flu vaccine each year is your best protection.

Flu Symptoms

Flu is different from a cold and usually comes on suddenly. Know the symptoms.

  • fever or chills
  • cough
  • sore throat
  • runny or stuffy nose
  • muscle or body aches
  • headaches
  • tiredness
  • some people may have vomiting and diarrhea, though this is more common in children than adults

How Flu Spreads

Flu viruses spread mainly by tiny droplets made when people with flu cough, sneeze or talk. You may be able to spread flu to someone else before you know you are sick, as well as while you are sick.

People at Higher Risk

Anyone can get flu (even healthy people), and serious problems related to flu can happen at any age, but some people are at high risk of developing serious flu-related complications if they get sick. This includes people 65 years and older, people of any age with certain chronic medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, or heart disease), pregnant women, and children younger than 5 years.

Complications of Flu

Flu is a contagious respiratory disease that can lead to serious illness, hospitalization, or even death.

How to Prevent Flu

  1. Get a flu vaccine,
  2. Practice everyday preventive actions, and
  3. Take antiviral medication to treat flu if your doctor prescribes them.

Learn more: cdc.gov/flu/prevent.


How to Treat Flu

Most people with the flu have mild illness and do not need medical care or antiviral drugs. If you get sick with flu symptoms, in most cases, you should stay home and avoid contact with other people except to get medical care. You should not go to the emergency room if you are only mildly ill. If, however, you have symptoms of flu and are in a high risk group, or are very sick or worried about your illness, contact your health care provider. If you don’t have a health care provider, find the nearest community health center at findahealthcenter.hrsa.gov.